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Toll The Bell
The following by Fletcher Pratt has been reprinted from the The California Military Museum web page
http://militarymuseum.org/SubMareIsland.html

"There is a poetry in ships' names.   It can still be heard in the quiet watches of the night...,  when mist obscures the waterfront and foghorns call mournfully through the darkness.   Out across the bay, blinking lights mark the channel down which Navy ships have sailed for a hundred years, and bells sound a knell for those that never came back.   There is no quiet Arlington for ships; their bones rust in unknown lands beneath the sea.  The names that entered history in minutes filled with fire and thunder are soon forgotten, except in long hours of the night when the bells call the roll of missing ships —Seawolf . . . . 

There are honored names, and the ships that wore them carried them well. Some were old and some were new, but sweat and skill and steel of Mare Island was a part of each of them to the end —Pickerel. . . . 

There are historic names, old in the naval list. Though the logs in the archives fade, their memories will live so long as the bells still toll —These are fighting names, and these were fighting ships —Wahoo, Swordfish, Tang, Trigger, Tullibee, Gudgeon, Pompano. . . . 

Such were the ships that Mare Island built, and such were the ships that made history."

Fletcher Pratt

Since the  inception the United States Navy  Submarine Service the Navy and the country has lost 70 submarines.   Not all those took lives.
Of those 45 have been lost with all hands.  14 submarines have been lost with some of the crew surviving and 7 submarines have been lost with all the crew surviving the sinking.   While 4 submarines have been lost due to special circumstance.  Some of those who survived the sinkings were taken prisoner and some died in prison camps.
Lost with all hands...

USS F-4 (SS-21) was lost on 21-Mar-1915 with the loss of 21 officers and men when it foundered off Honolulu Harbor. 

USS S-4 (SS-109) was lost on 17-Dec-1927 with the loss of 34 officers and men when it was sunk after ramming by USCG Paulding.

USS O-9 (SS-70) was lost on 20-Jun-1941 with the loss of 34 officers and men when it foundered off Isle of Shoals, 15 miles from Portsmouth NH, 42°-59'-48"N 20°-20'-27"W

USS S-26 (SS-131) was lost on 24-Jan-1942 with the loss of 46 officers and men when it was sunk after ramming by USS PC-460 in the Gulf of Panama, 14 Miles West of San Jose Light.

USS Shark (SS-174) was lost on 11-Feb-1942 with the loss of 59 officers and men when it was sunk East of Menado, Celebes as a result of one of 3 attacks. (11Feb42 E of Menado, 17 Feb 42 N of Kendari 21 Feb 42 E of Kendari)

USS Grunion (SS-216) was lost on 1-Aug-1942 with the loss of 70 officers and men when it was sunk near entrance to Kiska (Alaska) Harbor

USS Argonaut (SS-166) was lost on 10-Jan-1943 with the loss of 105 officers and men when it was sunk off Rabaul near 05 155N 153 50E; (Another location given as 5° 40S 152° 02 E)

USS Amberjack (SS-219) was lost on 16-Feb-1943 with the loss of 72 officers and men when it was sunk off Rabaul; Last Contact at 5° 05S 152° 37E

USS Grampus (SS-207) was lost on 5-Mar-1943 with the loss of 72 officers and men when it was sunk in the Blackett Strait; Possibly in Vella Gulf, last contacts at 4° 55S 152° 30 E

USS Triton (SS-201) was lost on 15-Mar-1943 with the loss of 74 officers and men when it was sunk at 0° 09N 144° 55E

USS Pickerel (SS-177) was lost on 3-Apr-1943 with the loss of 74 officers and men when it was sunk within lume of Shiramuka Light off Honshu. (AKA Shiranuka Light)

USS R-12 (SS-89) was lost on 12-Jun-1943 with the loss of 42 officers and men when it foundered off Key West, 24° 24'30"N 81° 28'30" 

USS Runner (SS-275) was lost on 1-Jul-1943 with the loss of 78 officers and men when it was sunk somewhere between Midway and Hokkaido

USS Pompano (SS-181) was lost on 1-Sep-1943 with the loss of 76 officers and men when it was sunk off the northeast coast of Honshu

USS Grayling (SS-209) was lost on 9-Sep-1943 with the loss of 76 officers and men when it was sunk in or near Tablas Strait, PI.

USS Cisco (SS-290) was lost on 28-Sep-1943 with the loss of 76 officers and men when it was sunk in Sulu Sea west of Mindinao, 9° 47N 121°44 E

USS Wahoo (SS-238) was lost on 11-Oct-1943 with the loss of 79 officers and men when it was sunk in or near La Perouse Strait

USS Dorado (SS-248) was lost on 12-Oct-1943 with the loss of 78 officers and men when it was sunk in Western Atlantic, possibly near Cuba

USS Corvina (SS-226) was lost on 16-Nov-1943 with the loss of 82 officers and men when it was sunk just south of Truk; (Attack at 151° 10E 5° 50N).

USS Capelin (SS-289) was lost on 1-Dec-1943 with the loss of 76 officers and men when it was sunk off Celebes possibly off Kaoe Bay; Halmahera 1° 34N 123° 07 or in Molukka Passage

USS Scorpion (SS-278) was lost on 1-Feb-1944 with the loss of 77 officers and men when it was sunk East China Sea.

USS Grayback (SS-208) was lost on 26-Feb-1944 with the loss of 80 officers and men when it was sunk near 25 47N 128-45E.

USS Trout (SS-202) was lost on 29-Feb-1944 with the loss of 79 officers and men when it was sunk near 22-40N, 131-45 E, middle of Philippines Basin.

USS Gudgeon (SS-211) was lost on 12-May-1944 with the loss of 80 officers and men when it was sunk off Saipan near Maug Island.

USS Herring (SS-233) was lost on 1-Jun-1944 with the loss of 80 officers and men when it was sunk within shore battery range of Point Tagan, Matsuwa Island, in Kurlies.

USS S-28 (SS-133) was lost on 4-Jun-1944 with the loss of 50 officers and men when it foundered off Hawaii , while operating with USCGC Reliance

USS Golet (SS-361) was lost on 14-Jun-1944 with the loss of 82 officers and men when it was sunk near 41-04N 140-13E

USS Growler (SS-215) was lost on 8-Jul-1944 with the loss of 84 officers and men when it was sunk in South China Sea

USS Robalo (SS-273) was lost on 26-Jul-1944 with the loss of 84 officers and men when it was sunk 2 miles off west coast of Palawan

USS Harder (SS-257) was lost on 24-Aug-1944 with the loss of 80 officers and men when it was sunk off Caiman Point, RPI

USS Escolar (SS-294) was lost on 1-Oct-1944 with the loss of 82 officers and men when it was sunk somewhere east of 33-44N 127-33E; Heading for 33° 44 N 124° 06E

USS Shark (SS-314) was lost on 24-Oct-1944 with the loss of 90 officers and men when it was sunk in channel midway between Hainan and Bashi Channel; 20° 41N 118° 27E

USS Seawolf (SS-197) was lost on 30-Oct-1944 with the loss of 99 officers and men when it was sunk just north of Morotai, between PI and Indonesia, by USS Rowell; 02°-32 N 129° 18E

USS Albacore (SS-218) was lost on 7-Nov-1944 with the loss of 86 officers and men when it was sunk near 41 49N 141 11E in channel between Hokkaido and Honshu

USS Scamp (SS-277) was lost on 16-Nov-1944 with the loss of 83 officers and men when it was sunk off Inubo Saki near Tokyo Bay 

USS Barbel (SS-316) was lost on 4-Feb-1945 with the loss of 81 officers and men when it was sunk in southern entrance to Palawan Passage 7° 49.5S -- 116° 47.5 SW Palawan

USS Swordfish (SS-193) was lost on 15-Feb-1945 with the loss of 90 officers and men when it was sunk near Yaku Island off Kyushu, water <600' deep near island; ( 27° 00 N; 128° 40 E).

USS Kete (SS-369) was lost on 1-Mar-1945 with the loss of 87 officers and men when it was sunk somewhere between 29-38N 130-02E and Midway

USS Trigger (SS-237) was lost on 28-Mar-1945 with the loss of 91 officers and men when it was sunk in area 32 16N> 30 40N by 132 05E> 127 50E, (Maybe near 32° 16 N 132° 05 E)

USS Snook (SS-279) was lost on 8-Apr-1945 with the loss of 84 officers and men when it was sunk within 100 miles East of 18 40N 111 39E, near Hainan Island < 300 feet

USS Lagarto (SS-371) was lost on 30-May-1945 with the loss of 88 officers and men when it was sunk in off Malay Coast in or near the Gulf of Siam 7° 55N 102° 00E

USS Bonefish (SS-223) was lost on 18-Jun-1945 with the loss of 86 officers and men when it was sunk in Toyama Wan; Near Suzu Misaki; 37° 18N 137° 25E; 

USS Bullhead (SS-332) was lost on 6-Aug-1945 with the loss of 84 officers and men when it was sunk in West end of Lombok Strait

USS Thresher (SS-593) was lost on 10-Apr-1963 with the loss of 129 officers and men when it was sunk while on sea trials near Isle of Shoals.

USS Scorpion (SS-589) was lost on 27-May-1968 with the loss of 99 officers and men when it was sunk while in transit from Med, West of Azores

Lost with Survivors...

USS F-1 (SS-20) was lost on 17-Dec-1917 with the loss of 19 officers and men when it was sunk after collision with F-3 off San Clemente. Two survivors. Two men were also lost when the F-1 ran aground on Oct 12, 1912 at Watsonville, CA

USS H-1 (SS-28) was lost on 12-Mar-1920 with the loss of 4 officers and men when it Grounded, Magdalena Bay, Mexico, was sunk in 9 Fathoms while being towed off

USS O-5 (SS-66) was lost on 11-Oct-1923 with the loss of 2 officers and men when it was sunk after collision with SS ABABGAREZ (United Fruit) off Panama Canal.

USS S-51 (SS-162) was lost on 25-Sep-1925 with the loss of 32 officers and men when it was sunk after collision with SS City of Rome off Block Island

USS Squalus (SS-192) was lost on 23-May-1939 with a loss of 26 officers and men when it flooded and sank off Portsmouth, NH.

USS Sealion (SS-195) was lost on 10-Dec-1941 with the loss of 5 officers and men when it was scuttled in Manila Bay after damage at Cavite

USS Perch (SS-176) was lost on 3-Mar-1942 with the loss of 8 officers and men when it was sunk near 30 Miles NW Soerabia, Java (60 officers and men were taken prisoner, 52 survived the war)

USS Grenadier (SS-210) was lost on 22-Apr-1943 with the loss of 4 officers and men when it was sunk near Penang, ~ 10 Miles West of Lem Voalan Strait (61 officers and men were taken prisoner, 57 survived the war)

USS S-44 (SS-155) was lost on 7-Oct-1943 with the loss of 56 officers and men when it was sunk on 5th patrol off Paramushiru, Kuriles (Northern); One day out of Attu (2 men were taken prisoner, both survived the war)

USS Sculpin (SS-191) was lost on 19-Nov-1943 with the loss of 40 officers and men when it was sunk north of Groluk Island near Truk. (42 officers and men were taken prisoner, only 21 survived the war

USS Tullibee (SS-284) was lost on 26-Mar-1944 with the loss of 79 officers and men when it was sunk in operating area just north of Palau. (One man was taken prisoner and he survived the war)

USS Flier (SS-250) was lost on 13-Sep-1944 with the loss of 80 officers and men when it was sunk in Balabac Strait near Mantangule Island. (Eight of the crew were taken prisoner, all survived the war

USS Tang (SS-306) was lost on 25-Oct-1944 with the loss of 83 officers and men when it was sunk in north end of Formosa Strait in vicinity of Turnabout Island. (Nine of the crew were taken prisoner and survived the war).

USS Cochino (SS-345) was lost on 26-Aug-1949 when it was sunk in Norwegian Sea after fire, one man from Cochino and 6 men from USS Tusk were lost in the rescue operation.

Lost with all hands surviving the sinking...

The Civil War submarine Alligator was lost in 1863 when it was sunk while under tow off Cape Hatteras. It was being towed south to aid Union efforts in forcing entrance into Charleston Harbor. The crew were on board the towing vessel

USS S-5 (SS-110) was lost on 1-Sep-1920 when it foundered off Delaware Capes 1Sept20 40 miles offshore. All the crew escaped through a hole cut in hull in the tiller room.

USS S-36 (SS-141) was lost on 20-Jan-1942 when it was destroyed after grounding on Taka Bakang Reef in Makassar Strait, Indonesia, Near Makassar City, the crew were all rescued

USS S-27 (SS-132) was lost on 19-Jun-1942 when it grounded off Amchitka Island, 400 yds off island Near St Makarius Point (near Constantine Harbor), all the crew were rescued

USS S-39 (SS-144) was lost on 1-Aug-1942 when it was destroyed after grounding on reef south of Rossel Island Louisande Archipelago. All the crew were rescued.

USS Darter (SS-227) was lost on 24-Oct-1944 when it became grounded on Bombay Shoal off Palawan then was destroyed. All the crew were rescued by USS Dace.

USS Stickleback (SS-415) was lost on 30-May-1958 when it sank off Hawaii while being towed, after collision with Silverstein DE-534. All the crew were taken off prior to sinking.

Lost under special circumstances.

USS G-2 (SS-22) was lost on 30-June-1919 when it sank as a test vehicle for explosives tests. Sank with 3 men aboard in Two Tree channel 1/4 mile off Pleasure Beach, CT.

USS Bonefish (SS-582) was declared a functional loss after a fire in which 3 crewmen lost their lives.

USS Nathaniel Green (SSBN-636) was decommissioned instead of repairing after a grounding (to conform to SALT agreement). No loss of life.

USS Salmon (SS-182)  was declared a constructive total loss after her last war patrol due to severe damage from enemy action and decommissioned on Sept. 24, 1945, No lives lost.

Thanks to Jim Christley EMCS(SS) USN (ret) who compiled this list and Subnet.com

During WW II the US Navy Submarine Service comprised only 1.6% of the total compliment of the Navy but sustained the highest casualty rate of any of the branches of all the services. Yet it inflicted the heaviest damage on enemy shipping of all the services. It is estimated that 65% of Japans merchant fleet and 30% of all her Naval combat vessels were destroyed by US Submarines.  
Nearly 25% of the submarines and the men who served in them never returned.  For every four men who went to sea one wasn't going to return.   These men and boats are referred to as  "...on Eternal Patrol..."  just as the boats and the men that perished in them during peace time disasters. 

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